The football city of Holland is obviously Rotterdam. The port city has three Eredivisie clubs and a tremendous history. The best stadium of the country, the best pitch of Europe, the most popular club of the country, and with Sparta a club that plays its home games in a castle.

Excelsior is the ugly duckling in Rotterdam. The grounds look like a mediocre amateur club venue. The club is situated in the posh area of Rotterdam, next to the Erasmus University where football competes with cricket, rugby and golf. Their biggest claim to fame is and will always be the fact that their budget used to be made “whole” by collecting old papers from households in the area, which would then be sold to a paper-disposal plant for mere cents… An urban legend, I’m sure.

But, it’s also the most decent club in the country and has and probably always will have the lowest budget in the Eredivisie.

Despite their relative poor stature, Excelsior plays very decent football, pass  & move, technically skilled and they even were 7th (!!) in the Eredivisie for a spell. Currently the lowly club is 12th in the league and actually the second club in Rotterdam (with Sparta in relegation land for now).

Excelsior always had a knack of finding good coaches, who would bring something extra to the club. The likes of Mario Been, Fons Groenendijk and Alex Pastoor all did wonderful things here and currently it’s Mitchell van der Gaag who impresses.

Van der Gaag was a promising central defender when he came through the ranks at PSV Eindhoven. He found it tough to compete with PSV peers in the heydays and was out on loan to NEC and Sparta, before he left for Scotland. After Motherwell he returned to play for FC Utrecht and then made his move to Portugal where he became a cult hero for Maritimo. A short spell with Al Nassr followed and after his career (stopped short by injuries) he went on to coach in Portugal before returning to Holland, where he coached FC Eindhoven for one season and is now writing headlines with Excelsior.

Jose Mourinho: “There are many poets in football, but poets don’t win trophies!”.  It’s how they think in Portugal. That’s all.

Most Dutch people will remember the way his team Man United won the EL finals against the young Ajax of Peter Bosz. I’m sure Bosz is considered one of the poets, by the Special One and he had his fair share of shenanigans with Dutch coaches before. Like when he was able to run a coaching session for his boss, Louis van Gaal, at Barcelona. And how his boss Van Gaal inspired Mourinho to become a head coach himself. Or how he beat Frank Rijkaard’s Barcelona after he won the CL a season earlier with FC Porto. And how Mourinho inspired Ajax’ and Cruyff’s Velvet Revolution, after Real Madrid simply brushed Martin Jol’s Ajax aside in two matches in the CL. How he played the Ajax of Frank de Boer and had his players get a yellow card to avoid a suspension in the knock-out stages. And mostly, how he beat his old master Van Gaal in the CL finals of 2010.

All this was symbolic for the changes in international football and the changes in the coaching hierarchy. Since the spring of 2015, it were the Portuguese coaches who won trophies, in England (Mourinho himself), Greece (Pereira), Russia (Villas-Boas), Ukraine (Fonseca) and France (Jardim). And it was Santos who won the EC with the Selecao das Quinas in 2016.

The Dutch coaches? Well, Ten Cate won the title in the United Arab Emirates and Van Gaal won the FA Cup with Man United. That’s it, really.

When Van der Gaag arrives in Portugal in 2001, the roles are reversed still. His coaches ask him constantly about the Dutch School. Whenever Mitchell flies to his family in Holland, his coaches would ask him to bring home video tapes of Ajax coaching sessions. “Typical for the Portuguese,” Van der Gaag smiles. “They are followers, it’s in their culture.”

His family resides in Portugal for 16 years now. His oldest son just won a first pro contract with Benfica, where another son also plays in the youth system. He won the title on the second level with Belensenses and had to quit his job due to heart issues. He resumed work on Cyprus and came to Excelsior at the Eredivisie level via FC Eindhoven.

Van der Gaag witnessed how the Portuguese changed their football culture. All thanks to a headstrong student physiology, who went from being Bobby Robson’s translator to one of the most successful coaches of the 21st century. “Mourinho has a different mentality than most Portuguese people. When he won the CL with FC Porto, he made some wholesale changes in the country. The coaches now are more self confident and simply are viewed differently now.”

Van der Gaag at Motherwell

Van der Gaag mentions Leonardo Jardim, who led AS Monaco to the title and the semi finals of the CL. “He is from Madeira, where I worked for nine years at Maritimo. He did not have a huge playing career, and neither did Mourinho. These guys are all university students, physiology, or sports-science, mostly in Lisbon. And they start their coaching careers early. Jardim was 27 years old when he started as assistant coach. And they move their way up the ladder step by step.”

Van der Gaag is still a player when Porto wins the CL. Around that time, the coaching virus grasps him and he finishes his initial Dutch studies in Portugal. “The course in Portugal is so different. In Holland, it’s all about the Verheijen method of not putting too much physical pressure on the players. You need to work with match situations and see how you can find a problem and make it trainable. In Portugal, you go into an intern for 3 weeks and you are being fed all this know-how, from 9 am till 9 pm. You get a fist thick book with all sorts of practices. After that you need to work on a thesis using 75 of these practices and on the exam day you pick a number and use this practice on the training pitch.

Mourinho in his Porto days

Van der Gaag doesn’t believe this is good enough and starts to invest in himself. He saves an amount per month which he uses to buy all sorts of football training books. He studies the Danish physical condition coach Bangsbo’s work, he delves into the work of Professor Castelo and Jose Oliveira teaches Mitchell about tactical period-planning.

“In Portugal, universities play a major role in football development, both in Porto and Lisbon. All the methodologies are being taught. In Lisbon, it’s Castelo and in the North they use the Vitor Frade method, who works for FC Porto and for the university. He is seen as the mentor of Mourinho.”

The quintesses of this tactical period training is that it ignores systems and tasks and roles and running lines, but works with principles. “Tactics is extremely important in Portugal, but systems aren’t. The difference between certain systems is only a few yards, right. The systems actually only exist on paper. And more and more teams seem to be positioned compact, defensively. The Portuguese work more on principles, concepts that assist the players in decision making in particular in the turn-around situations.”

And this is exactly the thing where the Dutch can learn from the Portuguese! “After Ajax’ finals against Man United, I heard a lot of criticism about how Man United played anti-football. I heard the same criticism when Portugal won the EC2016. We want to entertain the crowd, in Portugal, only a victory counts. The word “counter” has a negative connotation in Holland, but a well executed counter is the result of practice and perfectioning moments. In Portugal, all we did was train the turn around moment. (Current Ajax assistant coach) Alfred Schreuder told me that Nagelsmann does the exact same thing at Hoffenheim.”

Alfred Schreuder at Hoffenheim

Van der Gaag uses this at Excelsior. “I basically see four key moments in a match and for each, we use one key principle. They are attack, defense and the two turn-around moments between these two moments. This always comes back in training. Defensively, we have a compact positioning model in the zone. In the turn around, we go for depth as fast as we can. We focus on movement and overlap. All forms of practices are focused on the turn around moments. We practice 3 v 2 and 2 v 1 moments, because this is exactly what happens in a game.”

The ultimate confirmation comes in what Feyenoord thought would be their title-winning match, last season. Feyenoord centre back Botteghin collects the ball, when Feyenoord is 1-0 behind. He dribbles into midfield. And now, the many hours of practice pay off. Excelsior repossesses the ball in the midfield area, and as a result, three attacking minded midfield runners and the striker are in perfect position to counter-attack. They find depth fast, the running patterns are diagonal to confuse the defenders. An overlapping run on the wing and the low early cross across the goal mouth. “That was a wonderful explosion of joy, this is what we train on the whole year,” Van der Gaal smiles.

Physical condition is the most important thing in the turn around, more so than tactics. “The ability and willingness to run 60 meters at full speed, that is the difference. We worked on that with our wingers all season. I showed him videos of Eden Hazard, who constantly makes those runs at Chelsea.”

Apart from book study, Van der Gaag also does his work in Youtube. “I sometimes take a full day to watch videos of top coaches. I love watching Marcelo Bielsa. He’s fantastic. Sometimes I have to rewatch his stuff three times to see what he actually is doing. I learned defensive practices from him. He lets defenders head balls away all the time. Diego Simeone does that too. Players are constantly jumping, tumbling, tackling. We have tend to not to the dirty work at training in Holland. I watch those clips and it inspires me to do similar things here at Excelsior.”

Bielsa

Other coaches I follow are Sampaoli, Antonio Conte and Jose Mourinho. This summer, Maurizio Sarri of Napoli is also on my watchlist. The way Napoli builds up and attacks is incredibly interesting. Sarri is a special guy. He basically watches with a cigaret and every 10 minutes an assistant brings him another espresso. Amazing. And I think, how would people respond to this if I would do that at Excelsior, hahaha.”

Dutch players tend to “get” the turnaround practices quickly, but zonal defending tends to be a problem. “In Portugal, no team playes one on one at the back. If a defenders presses forward and steps out of defense, he’ll get the death penalty. In Portugal, defending is all about guarding the zone. In Holland, in particular in the Jupiler League, it’s all about one v one defending. When my defenders get nervous at Excelsior, they tend to push up. They want to “feel” a direct opponent. This is how we conceded too many goals. And due to my Portuguese DNA now, it’s not what I like to see.”

Van der Gaag wants to put the Excelsior results in perspective. “I can be the smart-ass now, but I can not explain everything. We had a bad spell last season and suddenly, we win four games in a row. And we didn’t do anything different. We just kept the focus on what we did and were doing. I can talk with a deep voice about systems, or methods or principles, but sometimes it just falls into place. And it’s mostly a psychological thing. And I’m focusing on the mental side too. We added a mental coach to the backroom staff this season.”

Tactical periodisation is a key idea in getting teams to perform well. “Books, anyone can read them. But how do you process the info, how do you make it workable in practice and how do you communicate with the players… Guilherme wrote the bible on tactical periodisation but as a coach he simply failed. I’m sure this was not due to the quality of his practices.”

Sarri

“I can see these ideas being used now in Holland by many coaches. Ten Hag, Van Bronckhorst, Groenendijk, Van ‘t Schip, but it’s more than a fad, a hype. Slowly, we see changes coming in Holland.”

So what does Van der Gaag think Dutch football needs to do. “I do follow the discussion of course. We are a bit set in our ways. But it’s not all that bad. I mean, Ajax did reach the EL finals! And the new coaching course is much better and the KNVB has definitely looked at the German way of doing things. Now it’s almost as if the ex footballer can not be the ideal coach. I think we’re now going too far in the other direction.”

Last season Excelsior played seven games in which it had more possession than the opponent. And in all those games, Excelsior ended up losing. “I think consistency is the key to our success but it can also be a reason for failure. I would love to use a Plan B to surprise opponents. But I usually start the pre-season with only 13 players. How am I ever going to get a Plan B in the team?”

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19 responses to “Mourinho and Excelsior”

  1. KJ says:

    Van Persie returns to Feyenoord.

  2. andrew says:

    Thanks for this, Jan. Interesting and informative. I was struck by this paragraph:

    “The quintesses of this tactical period training is that it ignores systems and tasks and roles and running lines, but works with principles. “Tactics is extremely important in Portugal, but systems aren’t. The difference between certain systems is only a few yards, right. The systems actually only exist on paper. And more and more teams seem to be positioned compact, defensively. The Portuguese work more on principles, concepts that assist the players in decision making in particular in the turn-around situations.”

    First, that the difference between systems is only a few yards, and exist only on paper…” I like this. But it also goes to the point that players have to be more than specialists. Wide forwards have to be able to close down and go inside as opposed to just being the ideal of a winger (anybody see Liverpool yesterday?), MF’s have to play offence and defense, and be able to switch between them in an instant, etc.

    Second: Principle. My reading is that I think it is a product of the enormous amount of information that is now available to coaches/managers. Rather expecting all players to be intuitive, they drill “rules” for situations into them to help speed up their reaction time to a particular circumstance.

    What do you think of this?

    • Jan says:

      I agree on your first point. All top midfielders or even forwards have to be able to tackle, to sniff danger, needs to be willing to track back. Mane was a good example indeed. Firminho always is.

    • Jan says:

      I also agree on your second point. It seems Wijnaldum performs well in a straightjacket system. Highly coachable. Apparently Riedewald does this well too. It’s the less disciplined players (Memphis?) who have difficulty at top level, but even he is coming around. I hope Liverpool signs him should Salah or Mane ever leave.

  3. Jan says:

    This blog seems to be getting less and less popular…

  4. van banger says:

    It’s just this time of the year Jan, everyone is on holidays.
    Have we got some friendlies coming up? I think we do, this will give us a chance to see some potential changes to our NT including players, system and style of play.
    I watched Liverpool play Man City and I was very impressed with Wjynaldum he looked really fit and fast and was in the game all the time, a real key player.
    So the old question , why not for NT?
    I was disappointed that Virgil did not play not sure why.

    • wilson says:

      To very much extent because of the departure of Coutinho.mane and salah are straight forward wingers who create more space in the middle by terrorizing the flanks. This wasn’t happening when Coutinho use to start on that left. He used to overcrowd the space in the middle when cutting inside from that left flank.klopp used the same tactic as of Guardiola. Ox and wijnaldum as two attacking midfields to supplement the trio in front. This has been guadiola’s trump when playing Silva and De Bryne at the back of their trio of sane,Aguero and sterling. If reidewald develops into a modern day DM I can see this happening in NT and the solution for the midfield worse which has been a trauma for some time now.

      With this another young talent has come into the spotlight.ludovit Reis of Groningen who at the age of 17 has broken into the starting 11 and is showing immense potential with the no of games played so far.

      Also FC Twente has snapped up Adam Maher and let’s hope under verbeek he will get back to his very best.

      Also don’t know what will happen to Sinkgraven now at Ajax after they signed the Argentine dude. Looks like he will be another talent gone wasted like Lerin durate,Zivkovic and some others.

      These are some the things Im looking forward to seeing come towards the end of the season.

      1)Off course Riedewald getting more game time.

      2) the rise of Hans hateboer

      3) the killer instinct of Anwar El Ghazi at Lille.

      4)Ruud Vormers transformation at Club brugge

      5)Sam Lammers getting more minutes or being loaned out.

      6) and van Dijk

    • andrew says:

      @Van Banger, the match commentators said that Van Dijk didn’t play because of a tight hamstring.

      @Jan, Agree with Van Banger. Its just the time of the year. Vacations, Eredivisie is on hiatus, no international matches, etc., I suspect that when the matches come back, it will perk up.

      btw, I saw that Lijnders first match in charge of NEC was a success…but I know nothing about that division, or the level of quality of the opponent. Wilson, seems to follow it pretty well, maybe he has something?

      • wilson says:

        Yes Actually I try to read as much as possible on what’s going on there,talents to watch out for etc. Well as mentioned early its a two way horse race now between NEC and fortuna sittard for direct promotion to eredivisie and I going all out for NEC. They have good squad with Kadioglu who should have being in eredivisie by all means,Achahbhar also has hit scoring form after struggling at feyenoord and Zwolle for game time. Both jari schuuman and clavin verdonk are both on loan from feyenoord and have nern impressive this far.Ajax 11 is the only team trailing both sides but don’t think will account for even if they finish first.also both PSV11 and Ajax 11 have considerable number of talents who in another season or two should be ready for the first team.

        Piore,Malen,obispo,van der meulenhof, Sierhuis,eiting,Nunnely and Flemming.

        • andrew says:

          Thanks, Wilson. Much appreciated. Hope you’ll keep us periodically informed of the status the race between Fortuna Sittard and NEC…after the Wijnaldum/Lijnders article, I’m interested in following Lijnders. Achabar is also worth following. He seems like he is on fire write now. He always looked like he had such good close control. Still young, so who knows.

  5. Depay9 is the best says:

    Zivkovic playing absolutely amazing recently. Wouldn’t be surprised if the Barcelona andan United rumours pop up again

  6. wilson says:

    Jan any thing on who will be the new coach for NT.

  7. wilson says:

    Forwards- Kluivert,El Ghazi,Memphis,Promes,Locadia,Stengs,lammers

    Midfield- Frenkie,Riedewald Strootman,Wijnaldum,Van Ginkel,Clasie,VDB,Vormer

    Defenders- Van Dijk,De Vrij,De Ligt,Ake,Van Drongelen Pierie,karsdorp,Tete,Hateboer,

    GK- Cillessen,Zoet,padt.

    You jus need a good architect here.that’s all

  8. wilson says:

    In case you guys have missed. Feyenoord have agreed to sign Yassin Ayoub from Utretcht after he becomes a free agent in summer.he has been one of the most underrated midfielders in eredivisie and I hope KNVB won’t make the same mistake as they did with Ziyech and give this guy a break. So Feyenoord will bring in Van Persie,Clasie and Ayoub in the summer. Fooooff

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